|Education - SSA Frame Work|
A PROGRAMME FOR UNIVERSAL ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
DEVELOPMENTS SO FAR
- Cabinet approval on 16 November 2000
- National Mission constituted on 3 January 2001
- SSA Framework for implementation approved and circulated for action
- PPA funds sanctioned for 294 non-DPEP districts and 54 district in 30States/Uts.
- Annual Plan 2001-2002 approved for 223 non-DPEP districts and 218 DPEP districts in 21 States.
OBJECTIVES OF SSA
- All children in school by 2003
- All children complete five years of primary schooling by 2007
- All children complete eight years of elementary schooling by 2010
- Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life
- Bridge all gender and social category gaps
- Universal retention by 2010
SSA AS A FRAMEWORK AND AS A PROGRAMME
FRAMEWORK- Reflecting all investments in elementary education in a district Government and non-Government. PROGRAMME – Additional resource provision for UEE under a Separate Budget head.
- Institutional reforms in Centre and States-to improve efficiency of delivery system
- Sustainable financing – long term partnership between Centre and States
- Community Ownership – VEC, PRIs, Women groups
- Capacity building – NCERT / NIEPA / NCTE / SCERT / SIEMAT / DIET to have a major role
- Community – based monitoring with transparency
- Focus on girls and other special groups
- District pre-project phase
- Thrust on quality
- Central role of teachers – Focus on their development needs through BRCs / CRCs
- Habitation as a unit of planning
- District Elementary Education plans
- Sharing between Centre and State
- 85:15 in IX plan, 75:25 in X plan and 50:50 thereafter
- State Government to maintain their investment at 1999-2000 level SSA share will be above this
- All present schemes, except MDM scheme and Externally aided programmes, will converge after IX plan
- District Plan would show funds under various components like PMGY, JGSY, PMRY, MP?MLA funds, etc.,
- All legal agreements related to Externally Aided funds would continue to apply
ACTIVITIES AND NORMS UNDER SSA
- Teachers-One teacher for 40 children; at lease two in a primary, one for every classroom in Upper Primary
- New Scfhools
- Primary, a school within one Kilometere of every habitation
- One UP school for two PSs, provided enough number of students are there.
- Classrooms – A room for every teacher/grade, in UP a separate room for HM
- Free textbooks- to all SC, ST girls up to upper primary, provided State does not give it already
- Civil Works
- - 33% limit on expenditure on civil works
- - Rs.5000 per year per school for repair and maintenance by the community.
- TLE for primary at Rs.10000/- for upper primary at Rs.50,000/-
- Rs.2000 school grant, Rs.500 teacher grant for primary and upper primary
- Teacher Training-20 day in-service, 60 day referesher for untrained teachers and 30 day orientation for newly-recruited teachers
- Setting up of SIEMAT- one time Rs.3 crores grant
- Training of community leaders
- $Rs. 1200 per disabled child
- Rs.125lakhs for any innovative activity for girls, SC/ST, ECCFE, Computer education, up to Rs. 50 lakhs in a district
- 6% limit on management cost
- Rs.1500 per school for monitoring, supervision, research and evaluation
- Provision for BRC/ CRC – civil works and deeployment of coordinator
- interventions for out-of-school children-as per norms already approved under the EGS & AIE scheme
FOCUS IN PREPARATORY PHASE OF SSA
- Micro planning, school mapping, household surveys;
- Community mobilization, school-based activities;
- Establishing information system with provision for computers, office equipment
- Training and orientation of community leaders, PRIs, etc.,
- Baseline diagnostic studies
- Habitation as unit of planning
- Perspective plan and Annual plans
- Household survey to prepare Village/Slum level Education Register
- Village/Slum level plans to provide basis for district Elementary Education Plans
- Formation of core group of Government/non-Government Personnel.
WHAT A DISTRICT PLAN SHOULD INCLUDE
- Survey of
- Available school facilities
- 0 – 6 and 6 – 14 age – group population with projections till 2010
- Relocation of teacher units, and after rationalization arriving at requirement of teachers.
- Training requirements and steps to fulfill these.
- Other requirements like school facilities, TLMs, etc.,
- Civil work plan
- Strategy to tackle marginal groups.
- Effective Community participation – VECs, etc.,
DISTRICT PLANS – APPRAISAL
- Plans will be appraised by National/State level missions.
- Things to be assessed in appraisal
- Level of mobilization and community participation
- Identification of problem areas
- Sanctity of data relied on for planning
- Interventions suggested for various components
- Norms to be followed as given in SSA/State-specific norms
- Community – based monitoring with full transparency
- Statement of expenditure in each school to be public document
- Joint review by Government of India and the State Government
- 2 Supervision missions in a year
- Detailed monitoring guidelines and reporting format already communicated to states – prescribing format for reporting at each level.
- Concept of nodal officers for weaker districts.
- Decentralized curriculum development-district level
- Focus on good quality books.
- Use of local dialects
- Primacy to cultural activity/sports/art, etc.,
- Content-based and Motivational teacher training
- Child to Child learning
- Resource groups at State/District/Sub-District level
- Increasing role of DIETs / BRCs / CRCs
- National level
- National Mission headed by Prime Minister
- Executive Committee, headed by Minister of HRD
- JS (EE) as Director Generazl; of National Mission
- State Level
- State Mission Authority to be headed by CM
- State implementation Society for implementation to be implemented through mainstream administrative structure; only contractual appointments permitted.
IMPORTANT STATE LEVEL ACTIONS
- Completing pre-project activity
- Implementation of Annual Plan already sacntioned
- Preparation of Annual Action Plan 2002-2003
- Preparation of Perspective plan till 2010
- Teacher Rationalization and filling up of vacancies in institutions
- Proper monitoring and periodic reporting.